P O L I S H   D U N E S

About the project

The coastal dunes show a great deal of variety in form, related to their sedimentology, their climatic setting (past and present), and ecological factors influencing their associated variations (Bird 1990). They are well known from many world coastlines (Bird 1969, Nordstrom, Psuty, Carter 1990, Arens 1994, Nordstrom 2000 and others). They are well developed on sandy barriers where exist or was existed accumulation on the coast. Ridges of coastal dunes are structures build up by sand blowing by the wind along or across beach.
Morphodynamic interactions in dunes are not well understood because the chaotic relief of many coastal dunes defies simple description (Carter, et al. 1990). In present times coastal dunes are rapidly changing by human impact and by waves due to increasing sea level. On many coast of the world dunes are completely destroyed. They are not existed in big touristic town and villages. But now they are more endangered by tourism development and human conquest of the natural pieces of the coast. The most important factors in natural dune development are aeolian processes, dune vegetation cover and wind factor.
Polish Baltic coast is also threatened by high waves and strong storm surges (Zeidler et al. 1995). Majority of Polish coast is being eroded by sea and retiring on the south (Zawadzka-Kahlau 1999). Accumulation on the coast is observed only in a few places.

View in the West direction
(country border with Germany)
View in the East direction
(country border with Russia)

This web page was created for people who are interested in dune environment, also for people who want to know more about Polish coasts, especially about dunes.

Described Polish spits and coastal dunes: Świna Gate Barrier (or sandbar), Dziwna River Sandbar, coastal dunes of morenic highland near Pobierowo, coastal dunes of sandbars, lowlands and river deltas between Niechorze and Kołobrzeg, Jamno Lake sandbar, Bukowo Lake sandbar, Kopań Lake sandbar, Wicko Lake sandbar, Gardno, Łebsko and Sarbsko Lakes sandbar called Łeba Barrier, sandy areas of lowlands between Stilo and Jastrzębia Góra, Hel spit, TriCity sand dunes, Vistula delta and Vistula Spit.

This web page is prepared as a part of my researches on coastal dunes called ANDDY (Anthropogenic-Natural Dunes Dynamics). This is not a project, but own idea to do researches on dunes to understand changing as a whole environment. This work is also style of my life. I would like to thank people who help me with this work: Sylwia, our students, and many people who help me during my trips - investigations.

This web page originates from results of investigations carried out by author under master of science topic on coastal dunes of Pomeranian Bay since 1996. Also originates from studies carried out in Laboratory of Marine Geomorphology Institute of Marine Sciences since 1998:

  • Plant cover of coastal dunes as an indicator of coastal zone dynamics (own researches in 2000)
  • Factors influencing on dynamics and diversity of coastal dune environment (own researches in 2001)
  • Succession of plants and dynamics of coastal dune development (own researches in 2002)
  • Morphology of coastal dunes of Świna Gate Barrier (own researches in 2003)
  • Present-day morphodynamics of coastal dunes of Pomeranian Bay (own researches in 2004)
  • Plants as an indicator of coastal dune dynamics of Świna Gate Barrier (KBN - State Committee for Scientific Research - grant, 3 PO4E 057 24 in years 2003-2004).

    Driven researches consist of: (i) dune relief changes, (ii) plant vegetation dynamics, (iii) human or animal influence, (iv) storm surges impact, (v) wind factor impact, (vi) sediment diversification and dynamics analyses (surface and structures dynamics).

    Maps were done using topographical map 1: 10 000 and others, collected aerial postcards come from A.R.W. PAN DRAGON, Gdańsk publishers, old postcards come from album 'Pomorze Zachodnie na dawnych pocztówkach' red. J. Patan, ed. Patan-Press, Kołobrzeg 2000. Rest of photos and used data come from my own researches.

    Web page copyright Łabuz Tomasz. See also http://bramaswiny.szc.pl.


  • Institute of Marine Sciences
    University of Szczecin

    Tomasz A. Łabuz M.Sc.

    Dunes development
    Human impact

    Świna Gate Barrier
    Dziwna River Sandbar
    Dunes of Highland
    near Pobierowo
    Lake Sandbar
    Rega River and
    Resko Lake Sandbar
    Parsęta River
    Delta Dunes
    Jamno Lake Sandbar
    Bukowo Lake Sandbar
    Wieprza River
    Delta Dunes
    Kopań Lake Sandbar
    Wicko Lake Sandbar
    Słupia River
    Delta Dunes
    Łeba Barrier
    Sandy lowlands: Stilo
    to Jastrzębia Góra
    Hel Spit
    Vistula Spit

    Since 01.08.2004.

    Tomasz A. Łabuz