P O L I S H   D U N E S

Parsęta River Delta Dunes

In the East direction from Kołobrzeg town is beginning of low moraine coast. Sometime sandy, dune sediments cover it. First is village is Bagicz surrounded by swamps, where was military base with airport [1].

Next is endangered by abrasion Ustronie Morskie [2], old health resort with fishery harbour around mole [3]. In the East direction moraine coast is badly abraded (without beach!) and protected by bands and tetrapods [4, 5]. Formerly in front of buildings was beach with aeolian accumulation (old photos), now buildings stand on the edge of the cliff.

Next one is rarely settled dune coast with outlet of Czerwona River [6] and G±ski village (low moraine coast) with lighthouse, and then two bigger villages: Sarbinowo [7] and Chłopy [9].

Sarbinowo [7] old fishery village now is also touristic village, where abrasion endangered localised houses [8]. In this place at the beginning of 20th century was built concrete band with promenade on it [8].

In Chłopy [9] dune is higher or very low, but also houses are endangered, as Hotel 'Nad Morzem' [10].

Far in the East direction coast is more natural (see photos) with changing dynamics and one small village Mielenko localised on the hinterland (small dunes cover it). Then is beginning sand spit or barrier of Lake Jamno [11].

Kołobrzeg town is one of the biggest coastal towns on the middle Polish coast. It is localised on the long low-lying area of few deltas' and lakes barriers'. Kołobrzeg was build on the very low area of Parsęta River delta and outlet [1]. It is surrouded by swamps (see maps). Big waterbreakers [2] are protecting river outlet. In 2003 was started investigation with new gigger west waterbreaker. Kołobrzeg is one of the oldest touristic health resort on this part of the Baltic coast. In the past here was also touristic infrastructure, as wooden mole [3a, old postcard from 1930] or coastal resort [8], nowadays destroyed by sea and closed. Waterbreakers and new mole are slowly withdrawing in the South direction. That is why whole coast of east part of the city is protected by different bands' [5] (except one short part [5a]). In few places infrastructure is very close to the narrow (sometimes nourished) beach: like Bałtyk resort [6] with stairs to the beach or Hotel Arka in the east part of the town [7], protected by new tetrapods' band. Behind narrow covered by bands dune is localised spa-park. And behind it new resort district is localised - with tall blocks. Old one resort has been completely destroyed during 2nd World War. Around town there are swamps [10], that is why Kołobrzeg was a fortress of German soldiers, and was bombed by Russians.
The west part of the town is wilder. Only military area [11] is localised here ad thenfar in west direction natural cliffed dunes are stretching (with peat on the beach); (postcards: Kamera publish, Patan-press publish.) Further in the east direction starts cliffed coast made of clay alternatively with dune coast.

Web page copyright Łabuz Tomasz. See also http://bramaswiny.szc.pl.


Institute of Marine Sciences
University of Szczecin

Tomasz A. Łabuz M.Sc.

Dunes development
Human impact

¦wina Gate Barrier
Dziwna River Sandbar
Dunes of Highland
near Pobierowo
Lake Sandbar
Rega River and
Resko Lake Sandbar
Parsęta River
Delta Dunes
Jamno Lake Sandbar
Bukowo Lake Sandbar
Wieprza River
Delta Dunes
Kopań Lake Sandbar
Wicko Lake Sandbar
Słupia River
Delta Dunes
Łeba Barrier
Sandy lowlands: Stilo
to Jastrzębia Góra
Hel Spit
Vistula Spit

Since 01.08.2004.

Tomasz A. Łabuz